Book 1

Homeostasis and Allostasis of Thyroid Function

Homeostasis and Allostasis of Thyroid Function

Frontiers Media SA. 2018

The discovery of the negative feedback of thyroid hormones on pituitary thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) secretion, a classical endocrine feedback control system, has shaped diagnosis and treatment of thyroid disease for the last decades. Based on this concept, a unique diagnostic category of subclinical thyroid disorders was introduced, being defined exclusively by an abnormal TSH response in the presence of thyroid hormone concentrations within the reference range. Although this approach...

Homeostasis

Homeostasis

BoD – Books on Demand. 2019

The human body is composed of several systems and organs, consisting of millions of cells that need relatively stable conditions to function and contribute to the survival of the body as a whole. The maintenance of stable conditions for the cells against the variations of the external environment is an essential function of the body and is called homeostasis. As a consequence of the loss of homeostasis, a disease is manifested. This book aims to provide the reader with an up-to-date view of...

Mathematical Modeling of the Immune System in Homeostasis, Infection and Disease

Mathematical Modeling of the Immune System in Homeostasis, Infection and Disease

Frontiers Media SA. 2020

The immune system provides the host organism with defense mechanisms against invading pathogens and tumor development and it plays an active role in tissue and organ regeneration. Deviations from the normal physiological functioning of the immune system can lead to the development of diseases with various pathologies including autoimmune diseases and cancer. Modern research in immunology is characterized by an unprecedented level of detail that has progressed towards viewing the immune...

Mathematical Physiology

Mathematical Physiology

Springer Science & Business Media. 2010

Divided into two volumes, the book begins with a pedagogical presentation of some of the basic theory, with chapters on biochemical reactions, diffusion, excitability, wave propagation and cellular homeostasis. The second, more extensive part discusses particular physiological systems, with chapters on calcium dynamics, bursting oscillations and secretion, cardiac cells, muscles, intercellular communication, the circulatory system, the immune system, wound healing, the respiratory system,...

Protein Homeostasis

Protein Homeostasis

Proper expression, folding, transport, and clearance of proteins is critical for cell function. Chaperones and enzymes that posttranslationally assist newly synthesized proteins help ensure that they fold correctly or are degraded. Translocation machineries, proteasomes, and autophagic activities help to localize and degrade proteins as necessary. Stress and aging can cause such mechanisms to become dysfunctional or overloaded, resulting in the accumulation and aggregation of misfolded...